We always claim our fundamental rights but we often tend to forget our fundamental duties. This article will give a brief explanation on our fundamental duties and help us in understanding what they say and who should follow them.
The fundamental duties are written In the part 4A of the constitution.
These are the duties of every person residing in the territory of India.
They are written in the Art. 51A which was Inserted as the 42nd amendment in the year 1976 of the constitution of India. The Article states the following:-
“51A. Fundamental duties It shall be the duty of every citizen of India
- to abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the national Flag and the National Anthem;
- to cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom;
- to uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India;
- to defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so;
- to promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women;
- to value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture;
- to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wild life, and to have compassion for living creatures;
- to develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform;
- to safeguard public property and to abjure violence;
- to strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement PART V THE UNION CHAPTER I THE EXECUTIVE the President and Vice President.”
The first fundamental duty of every citizen of India is to respect the national flag, national anthem and all the institutions of national significance and follow the constitution of India.
The second fundamental right is to follow the ideals and revolutionaries and ideas which inspired our national struggle for freedom.
The third fundamental duty is to uphold the principles that include sovereignty, unity and integrity of India.
The fourth fundamental duty is to defend the nation and render national service when required.
The fifth fundamental duty is to promote harmony and brotherhood of India transcending religious and sectional diversity.
The sixth fundamental duty to value and preserve the rich culture and heritage.
The seventh fundamental duty to value and protect environment and wild life and to have compassion for living creatures.
The eighth fundamental duty is to develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform of the nation.
The ninth fundamental right is to safeguard public property.
The tenth fundamental right is to strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual to achieve that helps in the constant rise of the nation.
We don’t have to be nationalists to follow out duties we just have to have the correct mindset and responsibility towards our fellow beings. So it is important for every citizen to know and follow these duties.