The word “surrogate” is rooted in Latin “Subrogare” (to substitute), which means “appointed to act in the place of.” It means a substitute, especially a person deputizing for another in a specific role, so the surrogate mother implies a woman who becomes pregnant and gives birth to a child with the intention of giving away this child to another person or couple, commonly referred to as the “intended” or “commissioning” parents. Surrogacy is an important fertility treatment, wherein advent of in vitro fertilization (IVF) has made motherhood possible for
women without uterus, with uterine anomalies preventing pregnancies, with serious medical problems, or with other contraindications for pregnancy, to achieve motherhood through the use of embryo created by themselves or donor and transferred to the uterus of gestational carrier. This technique has also made it possible for gay couples and single men to achieve fatherhood by having embryo created with their sperm and donor oocytes.
Types of surrogacy
Surrogacy is of two types: traditional and gestational. Traditional (genetic/partial/straight)
surrogacy is the result of artificial insemination of the surrogate mother with the intended
father’s sperm, making her a genetic parent along with the intended father. Gestational
surrogacy (host/full surrogacy) is defined as arrangement in which an embryo from the intended parents or from a donated oocyte or sperm is transferred to the surrogate uterus. In gestational surrogacy, the woman who carries the child has no genetic connection to the child. Surrogacy may be commercial or altruistic, depending upon whether the surrogate receives financial reward for her pregnancy. If surrogate receives money for the surrogacy
arrangement, it is considered commercial, and if she receives no compensation beyond reimbursement of her medical and other pregnancy-related expenses along with the insurance coverage for her, it is referred to as altruistic.
PROS OF SURROGACY
1)It fulfils the wish for the couples to complete their family.
2)It is the good alternate for the women who have infertilities due to certain reasons. It is the latest tool for the fight against the infertility.
3) Women have the positive experience by helping the peoples to have their own child.
4) In commercial surrogacy the poor women are greatly helped by getting the money to meet their need and also can be used or the future purpose for their own child or for their families.
5)Any person can have the privilege of having the child whether they are couples, lesbian, gay or single person.
CONS OF SURROGACY
1) There can be explotations of the women regarding the surrogacy for the money.
2)Women can be treated as a labour which provides the facilities for the birth of the child.
3)If both the commissioning parents and surrogate mother refuses to keep the child, then there will be the violation of rights of the child.
4)Only the wealthy people can afford it.
1) The rights of the surrogate mother should be procted in every possible manner.
2) There should be a proper contract done to avoid the anomalies between the commissioning parents and the surrogate mother and also to protect the rights of the child.