“Human Resource isn’t a thing we do. It’s the thing that runs our business.”– Steve Wynn
The above quote is very true. Organisation are social system, which are composed of role, interaction and relationship among its employees who are occupying various positions in the organisation. Success of the organisation and achievements of its goals are the two important things which is necessary for an organisation and this depends on the nature and pattern of cooperation among individuals or it depends on our human resource. As we know human resource is an asset for the organisation and if they are productive and efficient enough we will be able to achieve our goals. Human Resource is not only unique and valuable but it is also an organisation’s most important resource. It seems logical that an organisation would spend a great deal of effort to acquire and make optimum utilisation of such resources. This effort is known as Human Resource Management. Human Resource Management may be defined as a process of recruiting, selecting, inducting the employee, providing orientation, providing training and development, appraising the performance, deciding compensation, motivating employee and maintaining proper relation with the employees. In simple terms, human resource management may be defined as the art of procurement, development, motivation and maintenance of competent workforce in order to achieve organisational goals and targets. It is the process of bringing people and organisation together to achieve the goals of both the parties. Human Resource Management is pervasive in nature as it is present in all organisation whether it is government, non-government, educational, religious, etc. Human Resource Management is primarily concerned with the management of people within the organisation focusing on policies and system. Human Resource Management is an action-oriented process. It mainly focuses on action rather than on record keeping. It tries to find out the problem that employees face at work and are solved through rational policies. HRM is all about people at work and so it is also known as people – oriented activity. The main intention of HRM is to develop the full potential of employees as it is development-oriented. Managing human resource is a challenging job as the nature of the people is very dynamic and complex and taking them altogether and make them work is not an easy task. As people have sentiments and emotions so they cannot be treated as machines. It is therefore necessary to manage and handle people with some tactics. Human Resource Management is not a one shot deal rather it is a continuous function. It cannot be practiced only one hour each day or one day a week rather it requires constant alertness and awareness of human relation. And therefore it is an ongoing process. The scope of HRM is very vast. All major activities in the working life of a worker from the time he or she enters the organisation until he or she leaves, comes under the purview of HRM. This mainly includes procurement, training and development, job analysis and job description, remuneration and rewards, personnel records, welfare and industrial relations. The objective is the thing which is very necessary. So the objectives of HRM are:-
- Helps in Achieving Goals – One of the most important objective of human resource department is to help in achieving the goals of the organisation. And if it does not meet this purpose, HR department or any other department is going to suffer because of this.
- Assistance to Employees in Achieving Personal Goals – HRM aims to assist employees in achieving their personal goals as if these goals are achieved it will enhance the individual’s contribution towards the achievement of organisational goals. If an employee’s personal goal is achieved he will be more motivated and productive and will do his work more enthusiastically.
- To Provide Well-Trained and Well-Motivated Employees – HRM helps in providing well-trained and Well-Motivated employees as they will exert their maximum effort for the organisation.
- To Provide Respectful Environment – HRM helps in providing respectful environment to each and every employee. As inappropriate behaviour may result in organisational crises. Hence, all of them should get proper respect at work.
So lastly, Human Resource Department is very necessary in each and every organisation as they are the one who manages the most important resource of the organisation and that is employees.