Nowadays people associate the word anxiety only with mental illness but anxiety is just an emotion like happiness, sadness, etc. It is quite a familiar emotion which we come across seldom in our day to day life like, before taking a test, pressure at work. Occasional anxiety is “OK”. But anxiety disorders are different with constant fear and overwhelming.
- Stress at workplace
- Emotional trauma such as the death of a beloved one
- Use of prohibited drugs like cocaine
- Maybe a symptom of heart related problems
- Emphysema or Pulmonary embolism,etc.
- Feeling nervous, restless or tense
- Having a sense of impending danger, panic or doom
- Having an increased heart rate
- Breathing rapidly (hyperventilation)
- Feeling weak or tired
- Experiencing gastrointestinal (GI) problems
During this lockdown, the levels of depression and anxiety are much higher than usual in the society. Surprisingly, exposure to the coronavirus itself has had minimal impact on people’s mental health rather, the social disruption had a much more effect. People confined in their houses has both negative and positive impacts; positive because people can spend more time with their families than before and negative as humans are social animals and disconnecting from the outside world, friends, relatives is the cause of a frustrating environment in the house. This change in scenario might fuel anxiety and depression.
GAD-Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Generalized anxiety disorder(GAD) is the most common anxiety disorder. It is characterized by persistent, excessive worrying about everyday events and activities which the person finds difficult to control. People with GAD find that their worry is excessive (blowing things out of proportion), difficult to control and pervasive. People are often tempted to avoid threatening situations, but if you do, the anxiety will be worse the next time you are in that situation. The best strategy is to confront the feared situation. Usually, it is better than you thought, and if not, you will have learned valuable coping skills by confronting your fears.
People with GAD should work toward challenging their beliefs and assumptions about themselves. For example, your worry might be “I’ll never be prepared in time,” which may be accompanied by the assumption that “if anything goes wrong, it’s my fault” and the underlying belief that “I am a failure.” Cognitive therapy strategies can help you identify and challenge these assumptions and develop alternative and more realistic beliefs.
The Six Structured Problem Solving Technique-
This technique is a simple yet as effective as medication for people dealing with GAD or any type of anxiety.
- Write down exactly what you believe the main problem to be.
- Write down all possible solutions, even bad ones. *
- Think about each solution in practical terms.
- Choose the most practical solution.
- Plan how you will carry that solution out.
- Do it.